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Caves of the Velencei Mountains

The comparatively small 80 km2 Velencei Mountain range is a small part of the Trans-Danubien Mountains between Velencei Lakeandthe Vértes Mountains. The mountains have low, wide valleys whichhave been heavily dissected, and have a gently undulating peneplain.

They are composed of Carboniferous granite, which is frequently penetrated by aplite, graniteporphry and quartzite dykes. In the eastern  area andesiteagglomerate appears, showing hydrothermal decomposition.

In the Velencei Mountains 42 natural non- karstic caves were    found, and six artificial cavites, called a cave, is listed.

Szedres Cave and Hasadék Cave are tectonic caves in the andesite cliffs of Mount Zsidó near Pázmánd. Endrina Cave, Maléza Cave and other five small caves are pseudocaves which were formed amongst the boulders of the above mentioned location.

The "Likas -" was formed in quartzite due to rock fragmentation. This cave has been described as long ago as 1295.

Nine caves are the result of weatheringin the huge granite boulders. The most spectacular is the granite cliffof the so called "Pandur-kõ". There are fivecaves, Kis Cave, Zsivány Cave, Teraszos Cave, Osztott Cave and HáromszájúCave. The 3,3 m long Polák-hegyi Pseudocave is also listed.

The 60.3m long, artificial Báracházi Cave was excavated in loess.Near the village of  Pázmánnd has been found  a  10 m deep pipeing  originated loess pit.  


The largestnatural caves are:


Zsivány Cave




/+4,2 m


Maléza Cave

Andesite agglomerate



/+1 m

The totallength of the 42 natural caves is 177m. The five    artificial caves are 100 m long.

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